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工程图学英语

投影 projection
投影中心center of projection
投影面projecting plane
投影线projecting line
中心投影法perspective projection
平行投影法parallel projection
斜投影oblique projection
正投影orthographic projection
正投影面frontal plane of projection
侧面投影面profile plane of projection
投影图projection drawing
三面投影图three-plane projection drawing
投影轴axis of projection
投影特性characteristic of projection
不变性characteristic of true
积聚性characteristic of concentration
类似性characteristic of similarity
视图view
三视图three-view drawing
正面frontal plane
正面投影frontal projection
水平面horizontal plane
水平投影horizontal projection
侧面profile plane
侧面投影profile projection
主视图frontal view
俯视图top view
左视图left side view
立体solid
平面立体plane body
曲面立体body of curved surface
回转面surface of revolution
棱柱prism
棱锥pyramid
边side
顶点center vertex
棱edge
点point
直线line straight line
棱锥台truncated pyramid
frustum of pyramid
重影coincidence of projection
积聚concentrate
变形deformation
实长true length
实形true shape
正平线frontal line
水平线horizontal line
侧平线profile line
一般位置直线oblique line
铅垂线vertical line, frontal-profile line
正垂线horizontal--profile line
侧垂线frontal-horizontal line
一般位置平面oblique plane
相交intersection
平行parallel
垂直perpendicular
交线intersecting line, line of intersection
交点point of intersection
平行线parallel line
垂直线perpendicular line
交叉线skew line
长度length
宽度width
高度height
组合体complex
基本几何体basic body
相接built-up
相交inter section
相切tangent
相贯penetration
支架brace
底板bottom board
肋rib
支承板bearing plate
轮廓线outline, contour line
底图traced drawing
截平面cutting plane
截交线line of section
二重性dual nature
平面曲线plane curve
圆弧arc
椭圆ellipse
长轴major axis
短轴minor axis
双曲线hyperbola
抛物线parabola
圆circle
圆锥顶conic apex
相贯体intersecting bodies
相贯线line of intersection
空间曲线space curve
截平面方法cutting plane method
辅助面auxiliary surface
辅助平面auxiliary plane
最高点culminating point
尺寸Size
定形尺寸size dimension
定位尺寸location dimension
左视图right view
后视图rear view, back view
仰视图bottom view
辅助图auxiliary view
局部视图partial view, broken view
斜视图oblique view
旋转视图revolved view, aligned view
剖视图sectional view, section
全剖视full section
半剖视half section
局部剖视图partial section, broken-out section
斜剖视图oblique section
旋转剖视图aligned section
阶梯剖视echelon section, offset section
复合剖视compound section
剖面图section, sectional view
重合剖面coincide section, revolved section
移出剖面removed section
剖面线section line
剖面符号symbols for section-lining
习惯画法conventional drawing
局部放大图 drawing of partial enlargement
零件图detail drawing, working drawing
第三角投影third angle projection
粗实线continuous thick line, full line, visible line
细实线continuous thin line
虚线dot line, dashed line, hidden line
点划线dash and dot line
双点划线double dots line
波浪线break line
断裂线
剖切平面迹线cutting plane line
尺寸线dimension line
尺寸界线extension tine
尺寸dimension size
箭头arrowhead
基准datum
基准线datum line
基准面datum plane
中心孔central hole
中心距center distance
轴shaft, axle
孔hole
斜孔inclination
装配图assembly drawing
性能尺寸characteristic dimension
大小尺寸size dimension
总体尺寸outer dimension
外形尺寸
配合尺寸fit dimension
内圆角fillet
外圆角round
尖角sharp corner
倒角chamfer
轮缘flange of wheel
缘、边、环rim
轴肩shoulder
凸台boss
凹坑concave pit
轴颈shaft neck
轮毂hub
轮辐spoke, spoke of wheel
直纹滚花straight knurling s
网纹滚花hatching knurling
键槽key-way
退刀槽escape
拔模斜度pattern draft
填料盒gland box
油槽oil groove
油封oil seal
标准件standard parts
螺纹thread
外螺纹external thread
内螺纹internal thread
大径major diameter
小径minor diameter
螺距pitch of thread
牙型form of thread
旋向direction of turning
右旋螺纹right-hand thread
左旋螺纹left-hand thread
头数number of thread
导程lead
粗牙coarse thread
细牙fin thread
螺栓bolt
螺钉screw
螺柱stud
螺母nut
垫片washer
公差tolerance
公差带tolerance zone
零线zero line
标准公差standard tolerance
公差等级tolerance grade
基本偏差fundamental deviation
配合fit
间隙配合clearance fit
过盈interference
过盈配合interference fit
过渡配合transition fit
基孔制hole-basic system of fits
基轴制shaft-basic system of fits
间隙clearance
形状公差tolerance in form, form tolerance
直线度straightness
平面度flatness
圆度roundness
圆柱度cylindricity
线轮廓度profile of any line
面轮廓度profile of any plane
位置公差tolerance in position, position tolerances
平行度 parallelism
齿轮gear
圆柱齿轮cylindrical gear
正齿轮spur gear
斜齿轮spiral gear
轮齿gear tooth
节圆pitch circle
齿顶圆addendum circle, outside circle
齿根圆root circle, addendum circle
模数modulus
齿数number of teeth
齿高tooth height
齿顶高height of addendum
齿根高height of addendum
齿厚circular thickness
齿间tooth space
齿宽tooth width
压力角angle of pressure
弹簧spring
销pin
圆柱销round pin
圆锥销taper pin
开口销cotter pin, split
键key
平键flat key
半圆键half round key, woodruff key
轴承bearing
滚动轴承rolling bearing
向心铀承radial bearing
密封装置sealing equipment
锁紧装置locking equipment
粗糙度roughness
基本尺寸basic size
实际尺寸actual size
极限尺寸limits size
最大极限尺寸maximum limit of size
最小极限尺寸minimum limit of size
偏差deviation
上偏差upper deviation
下偏差lower deviation
垂直度perpendicularity
倾斜度angularity
同轴度concentricity
对称度symmetry
位置度true position
跳动run-out
圆跳动cycle run-out
全跳动total run-out
轴测投影axonometric projection
轴测投影面plane of axonometric projection
轴测图axonometric drawing
正等轴测投影isometric projection
正二测bimetric projection
斜二测oblique bimetric projection
轴测轴axonometric axis
轴间角axis angle, angle between ales
缩短foreshortened
轴向缩短率coefficient of axial
deformation ratio of
fore shortening for any axis
切割法cutting method, by cutting
方箱法boxing method
坐标法coordinate method
方框法enclosing-square method
四心近似法four-center approximate method
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